Apprenticeship – Welder

Welders operate welding equipment to weld ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Welders may specialize in certain types of welding such as custom fabrication, ship building and repair, aerospace precision welding, pressure vessel welding, pipeline construction welding, structural construction welding, or machinery and equipment repair welding.

Scroll down or click on the year to see an overview of the technical and skills training you will receive on-the-job as a Welding Apprentice.

Safety trainings and Additional Resources are listed following Year 3. Remember that before becoming an Apprentice in this trade you will need to have completed following from an accredited learning institutions and the Canadian Welding Bureau:

  • Welding C, Introductory (Level 1 under new ITA System)
  • Welding B
  • Welding A (Advanced)
  • Be tested by CWB (Canadian Welding Bureau) for CSA Standards W47.1 and W42.1

Year 1 > Year 2 > Year 3Safety and Additional Trainings > Additional Resources

Year 1 Overview

  • P1 Program Intro and Safety
  • P2 Gas Cutting (Oxy-Fuel Gas)
  • P3 Gas Welding and Braze Welding Pt. 1
  • P3 Gas Welding and Braze Welding Pt. 2
  • P4 Shielded Metal Arc Welding Pt. 1
  • P4 SMAW Pt. 2
  • P5 Carbon Arc Gouging
  • P6 Gas Metal Arc Welding and Flux Core Arc Welding Pt. 1
  • P6 GMAW and FCAW Pt. 2
  • RK1 Material Handling
  • RK2 Blueprint Reading
  • RK3 Metallurgy 1

You will also learn about convert scale dimensions, metallurgy; basic knowledge of both testing and interpreting results, demonstrate Gas Welding & Braze Welding, Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), routine maintenance on cutting and brazing equipment, adjust pressure regulators, materials handling, understand and demonstrate safe rigging procedures, basic mathematical functions including fractions and decimals.

Year 2 Overview

  • P7 SMAW
  • P10 Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
  • RK4 Quality Control and Inspection Procedure
  • RK5 Welding Code Standards and Specifications
  • RK6 Blueprint Reading 2
  • RK7 Metallurgy 2

In Year 2 and 3 you will also learn blueprint reading including interpreting pipe drawing and perform basic pipe layout, metallurgy including describing the grain structure of metals, identifying the effects of alloy content and heat treatments on the weld-ability of steel, aluminum, aluminum alloys and their weld-ability, perform GTAW fillet and groove welds using mild steel filler rod on mild steel plate, fillet and groove welds using stainless filler rod on stainless plate and aluminum filler rods on aluminum plates, identify types and uses of destructive testing methods and non-destructive testing methods.

Year 3 Overview

  • P11 SMAW 3
  • P12 GTAW 2
  • P8 GMAW or P9 FCAW
  • RK8 Metallurgy 3
  • RK9 Blueprint Reading 3

In Year 3-4 you will also learn and demonstrate SMAW groove welds using low-alloy electrodes on steel plate and pipe, using stainless steel electrodes on steel plate and pipe, FCAW including hard surface mild steel plate in the flat position. FCAW fillet and groove welds on mild steel plate, GTAW or P9 – FCAW groove welds using mild steel filler rod on mild steel pipe, GTAW groove welds using stainless filler rod on pipe and groove welds on thin wall stainless pipe, groove welds using aluminum filler rod on aluminum pipe, GMAW fillet and groove welds on aluminum plate and on mild steel plate and pipe, metallurgy including identifying common non-ferrous and reactive metals, die casting and their weld-ability, blueprint reading including interpreting detailed drawings of transition pieces. Interpreting detail drawings of a rolling offset.


  • FCAW – Flux Core Arc Welding
  • GTAW – Gas Arc Welding
  • GMAW – Gas Metal Arc Welding
  • SMAW – Shielded Metal Arc Welding

Safety and Additional Training

Recertification as required

  • Fall Arrest
  • Fire watch
  • Forklift
  • Hot Work Permit
  • Lock out
  • Man aloft procedure awareness and lock-out (military procedure)(no all shipyards)
  • Manlift
  • OFA #1
  • Other
  • Overhead Crane Training
  • Respirator fit test
  • Spill response awareness and procedures
  • Torch Procedures
  • Liquid Tracking
  • QA Forms, apprenticeship final year (not all shipyards)
  • Shop Forms, apprenticeship final year (not all shipyards)
  • SMC Environment Policy
  • Tagging, completing correctly for repair

Additional Resources


Available in your local or college/technical institute library

  • Individual Learning Modules (ILM’s) from your technical training.
  • Modern Welding by Althouse, Turnquist, Bowditch, Goodheart – Wilcox Publishers. ISBN 1-5663-7987-3.
  • IPT’s Metal Trades & Welding Handbook by Ronald Garby and Bruce J. Ashton – IPT Publishing and Training Ltd.
  • Welding Print Reading by Walker, Goodheart – Wilcox Publishers. ISBN 1-5907-0642-0.
  • Practical Problems in Mathematics for Welders, Delmar Publishers. ISBN 0-8273-6706-6.
  • Measurements and Calculations for the Trades, Skillplan.
  • The Procedure Handbook of Arc Welding , (current edition), by James F. Lincoln Arc Welding Foundation.
  • Interprovincial “Red Seal” Welder Upgrade Program. CWB Learning Centre, 2006.

Union links

  • Vancouver: Marine & Shipbuilders Local 506
  • Victoria: International Brotherhood of Boilermakers – Local 191

Definitions & Information Links to Red Seal, Industry Training Authority and Accredited Learning Institutions are available on the lower section of the Apprenticeship Program home page.